Communicative Language Teaching
“What is the best way to teach a language?”
We don’t believe that there is a single answer to this question, but we’ve come across a number of ideas from our numerous language teaching contacts around the world which might contribute to the discussion.
Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) is one which came up quite a lot. The overall aim of the CLT approach is to guide learners in reaching communicative competence through constant dialogue-based interaction. In CLT, communication is the end and the means of the teaching method.
“CLT understands language as communication so that the goal of language teaching is to develop communicative competence, that is, what a speaker needs to know to be communicatively competent in a speech community. To speak a language properly implies, therefore, not only knowledge of the language, but the ability to use it in different registers, according to the situation.” - C Alonso
Some of the top methods to get students talking include:
- Role play
- Collaborative tasks
More detail is included in a completely free handbook containing loads of useful information on a range of ideas – it’s available, just by visiting this link.